Most importantly it must be conceded that we have possessed the capacity to plan and work out an Education Policy following quite a while of polemics. Passed in the Bangladesh National Parliament on December 7, 2010, and accordingly known as National Education Policy 2010, it is an extraordinary jump forward in instruction. It might be specified here that the 18-part Education Policy Formulation Committee was structured on April 6, 2009 with National Professor Kabir Chowdhury and prominent economist Dr. Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad as the Chair and Co-seat separately; the board presented its report inside four months. I am blessed to be in a position to assume a little part simultaneously, as an individual from the Education Policy Formulation Committee. I have motivations to be upbeat for being drafted in the Education Policy Implementation and Monitoring Committee later too. Head administrator Sheik Hasina settled on a remarkable choice in including policymakers in the usage system. Before formal selection of the arrangement by the legislature, the draft approach was posted online at her guideline for open talk and inspiring general conclusion. This brought about a positive result and the Education Policy this time had the capacity accomplish more extensive adequacy in the nation. Instruction Minister Nurul Islam Nahid additionally merits gratefulness for his proactive part all through the methodology.
There are 30 points, destinations, objectives and standards said in the Education Policy which incorporate, among others:
- To make a general public free from the condemnation of lack of education;
- To evacuate financial segregation with respect to race, religion and ideology, and to kill sexual orientation difference; to grow non-communalism, worldwide club, individual feeling and appreciation for human rights;
- To offer need to essential and auxiliary training; to show understudies the poise of work; to empower them to secure abilities in professional instruction and encourage independent work, regardless of instructive capabilities;
- To guarantee the correct setting and circumstance in the instruction framework at the larger amount to encourage the perfect environment for learning;
- To guarantee the instruction of the physically and slow-witted learners.
- 17 critical steps paying little heed to the level of instruction are additionally proposed in NEP 2010, of which specify may be made of the accompanying:
- Progressively, projects must be actualized at all level through the co-appointment of the requests for distinctive levels of financial labor, instructive capability and mastery procured through instruction.
- It is earnestly needed to free the instructive foundations from the impact of gathering legislative issues. To understand this goal, rules must be arranged and entirely executed.
- It is important to set up some set of principles for the educators and learners at all levels of training; they will be made mindful of it likewise. To do this, distinctive and fitting advisory groups must be structured. It must be guaranteed that understudies, at any level of instruction, don’t confront any physical or mental misuse.
- Viable co-appointment of all levels of training and differential obligations regarding administration of those levels will be set up. There will be a successful between clerical coordination of work.
- An alternate dynamic step suggested in the NEP is showing basic center subjects like Mathematics, Science, Bangladesh Studies, Environment and Climate Change in all streams at the essential level, including general, English medium, specialized schools and madrasas.
Coherence in Training and Reports
The topic of coherence is extremely key in training and there is little degree for putting totally new things in the realm of learning. Not simply anyone can compose a book on Physics or Chemistry to fulfill his or her impulse, disregarding the sayings and speculations made through years of exploration and experimentation. This is the situation with the instruction approach also, which is generally a persistent methodology. Here, neither the past can be turned down nor new advancements can be abandoned. The Qudrat-E-Khuda Commission Report of 1974 must be given due acknowledgment for its uniqueness, forward-looking thoughts, inside and out investigation and solid proposals for the evacuation of discomfort in all the levels of instruction including difference and segregation. Notwithstanding, we discover numerous things normal in the instruction reports of Bangladesh. Not just the Qudrat-E-Khuda Education Commission Report, all the reports on training backing the augmentation of grade school to the eighth grade and the presentation of preprimary instruction, and weight on professional/specialized training. The reports being referred to incorporate the Interim Education Policy of 1979, Mofizuddin Report of 1988, and Maniruzzaman Mia Report of 2003. In my perspective, the distinction really lies in the methodology, which has been generally political in nature and has had concerns with respect to implementability. In this respect, the activity to explode the distinction of supposition by the legislature drove by Sheik Hasina could attain to national accord; no evident dissension or challenge was likewise clear amid the selection of the NEP 2010. Anyhow numerous don’t consider the subject of usage, especially its advance, agreeable.
Difficulties in Usage
As a part, I proposed in the initially meeting of NEP Implementation Committee to constitute a free body which would have a different office either in the Ministry of Education or outside, in the same way as NAEM, oversaw by individuals other than government authorities since they stay distracted with their ordinary work or are over-burden. Just secretarial administrations from government authorities were looked for. Anyway the proposition did not get due thought.
The detailing of NEP was moderately more smooth due to openness all the while, important direction from the Chair Prof. Kabir Chowdhury and the energetic endeavors, rather round the clock engagement of the Co-Chair Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad in keeping up both the auspiciousness and accuracy of the NEP draft. The administrations rendered by the then NAEM Director Sk. Ekramul Kabir additionally merit notice; he helped the Co-seat particularly in sorting out and duplicating the unique recommendations made by about thousand people and associations. As individuals, a few of us were given particular obligations, for example, get ready review or draft on one or more specific point. This was carried out to spare time and to use our administrations in the obliged territories.
As to usage, confined activities, for example, not connecting NEP in the choices of the legislature in the field of training, additionally mirror the absence of co-appointment. For this, not in any case the positive activities of the administration could be circled legitimately. Since the moderate pace of execution of the NEP is under inquiry, determining coordination and settling needs is key all the while. To say a couple:
- Passing of the Education Policy immediately;
- Foundation of a perpetual statutory Education Commission;
- Arrangement of Teachers’ Recruitment Authority;
- Presentation of not too bad, appealing pay structure/separate payscale for instructors from essential to advanced education levels.
Again the difficulties that obstruct executing the Education Policy should likewise be confronted with strength and vision:
- Suitable designation for training;
- Finishing politicization in instruction and the impedance of vested quarters;
- Connecting the current instruction framework to the occupation market;
- Making successful moves to keep a reconnoiter cerebrum channel;
- Advancing science instruction;
- Building coordination in the administration of training and instructive establishment;
- Guaranteeing the methodology of observing in every level and phase of training;
- Receiving successful measures to check debasement;
- Presenting legitimate preand in-administration preparing for instructors;
- Finishing whipping of understudies because of instructors.
The Education Minister alludes to obligation adjusting as a test to expand instruction plan, however he himself backings assigning 20 percent of the financial backing or 6 percent of the GDP to training. There are merits in his controversy yet the political will of the legislature is additionally viewed as no less critical a marvel. Gathering of income from utility administrations like the progressing impose on cellular telephones and different roads like the CSR and the neighborhood government toward oneself have additionally been proposed by individuals from the common society. In association with this, Rasheda K Choudhury, Executive Director of CAMPE and chose Board individual from Global Campaign for Education (GCE), has rightly underlined the need to quality participatory arranging and responsibility, the guard dog part of common society in nearby level training administration, scholarly supervision, group engagement and observing.
Training can be Widespread and Transformative
As of late I got a message from the workplace of Irina Bokova, the Director-General of UNESCO because of my new year welcoming which peruses: “for the benefit of the Director-General who is right now on an authority visit abroad, thanks much for sending these kind welcome for 2017. Consequently she has requested that I pass on to you her warm wishes for good wellbeing, wellbeing and each achievement in taking forward your nation’s goal-oriented training and human improvement plan. Sometime during her visits, she has had the chance to witness direct the imposing duty of your legislature to giving all youngsters and youth with quality training and abilities, and frequently refers to the noteworthy results attained to, specifically as to overcoming sex inconsistencies in instruction at essential and optional levels, as confirmation that with political will at the most abnormal amount, the right arrangements and assets, Education can get to be general and transformative.”
The author is the Chairman of Initiative for Human Development (IHD), a part association of Asia and South Pacific Association for Basic and Adult Education (ASPBAE).