How to prepare Puzzles & Seating Arrangements for IBPS PO Exam
Puzzle and Seating Arrangement is a very important topic of the Reasoning Ability section of banking examinations. Nearly 60% of Reasoning ability paper is covered by these two topics in the IBPS PO exam. Since the topic is asked in a set of 5-6 questions, once you arrange the data in the correct sequence, you can easily answer all the questions.
In this article, we shall discuss some tips to solve these topics and how to apply those tips in the questions.
Tips to solve Puzzles & Seating Arrangement Questions
Here are a few important points which you have to keep in mind while solving questions of puzzles and seating arrangement:
- Read the entire puzzle properly first(i.e. scanning, scan the entire data carefully). Don’t start solving without going through all the points.
- Generally the most important points are not given in the first 2 sentences. So don’t be scared if you find it tough while reading the introductory sentences.
- Clues are always there, you just need to find them. While reading you shall find some common terms. These terms are going to help you in solving the puzzle.
- Keep on the factors as constant. For example, 8 people live on 8 floors and read 8 subjects; here you can keep floors as constant. We have solved 2 examples, you can see how do constants help.
- Don’t hesitate to consider cases. Generally, you have to take 2-3 cases and as you progress forward, cases will get eliminated.
- Draw big tables or figures. As it gets messy in solving puzzles in a less space.
- Represent all points on sheet. As it becomes time consuming to look into the computer screen again and again.
For example: There are six people A, B, C, D, E and F. They are sitting in row. C is third to the right of E. C is not at the extreme end.
Now we shall see some examples,
4 friends Aman, Ajay, Ashok and Alok go to museum and visit different galleries viz. Weapons, Jewelry, Paintings and Crafts. They bought different pieces from museum viz. Toy, Utensil, Clock and Ring. They went to different places after visiting Museum viz. Subway, Barista, CCD and Dominoes.
The one who bought Ring went to Dominoes. Neither Aman nor Ashok bought Clock, one of them went to Subway. Alok bought utensil and went to CCD. The one who went to Weapons gallery went to Dominoes, who is not Aman. The one who went to Barista did not go the Crafts and Paintings gallery. Aman bought Toy.
- First fix all persons and write all the different parameters in a tabular form. Don’t waste time in drawing lines.
- Write all the direct information in the table.
- Alok bought utensil and went to CCD.
- Aman bought Toy.
- Neither Aman nor Ashok bought Clock, so Ajay will buy Clock.
- The remaining item Ring will be bought by Ashok. The one who bought Ring went to Dominoes. Ashok will go to Dominoes.
- The one who went to Weapons gallery went to Dominoes. Ashok is that person.
- Aman goes to Subway and Ajay goes to Barista.
- The one who went to Barista did not go the Crafts and Paintings gallery. So Ajay will go to Jewelry Gallery.
So you can see how easy it is to solve a puzzle by doing it stepwise. Also you have to find the interconnecting points.
Let’s move on to the second question.
Six persons P, Q, R, S, T and U like different animals and birds- Alligator, Parrot, Ape, Owl, Peacock and Lion not necessarily in the given order. Each of them have many friends- 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 11 not necessarily in the given order.
R likes Peacock, has 4 more friends than Q. S likes Owl, and has 1 more friend than P. The difference between the number of friends between U and the one who likes Ape, is 2. U likes Parrot and T likes Alligator. The person who likes Lion has less than 10 friends.
Q likes Ape because the difference of 2 can only be achieved if U has 5 friends and Q has either 3 or 7 friends.
If Q likes Ape, P will like Lion.
It is given, “The person who likes Lion has less than 10 friends.”
So P has 2 friends. In this way, Case 1 is correct.
This is the final solution. So you can see that how important is it to consider different cases.
- Every person has different thought process. Try to develop your own. Initially you can take guidance to understand the basic approach, but eventually you have to develop your own method.
- Always start with offline puzzles, it is easy to read from a paper or book and solve them on a sheet. You can even underline and mark important points and it is not possible to do so on a computer. When you feel comfortable, solve puzzles in online tests.
- The difficulty level of a puzzle depends on the number of variables it has. Since all the banking exams have time-constraint, don’t pick a lengthy puzzle in the beginning. First solve the easy ones then if you have time, go for the lengthy ones.
- Practice is the key to get succeed, so Practice Hard!!!
You can also download IBPS PO preparation app for IBPS PO exam. It provides free study notes, quizzes, mock test, practice set, question papers, test series, & all the notification related Bank exams.